Hofstedeā€™s Six Dimensions of Culture.

  • Power distance (PDI)

power distance is the power of a relationships between people in a company or familyĀ AndĀ power is spread unequally between them.

ex: Ā In UAE the relationship between the manager and the worker is high distaned (formal relationship) but, in Denmark it’s low which means the relationship between the manager and the worker is informal.Ā 

  • Individualism and collectivism (IDV)

Ā Individualism refers to people who only take care of themselves. They use (My,I) more than (We,Our).

Collectivism refers to people who expect from their relatives to look after them. They use (We,Our) more than (My,I).

ex: US is a Individualism culture and UAE is a collectivism culture.

  • Uncertainty avoidance (UAI)

it deals with a societyā€™s tolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity.Ā 

strong UAI maintain rigid codes of belief and behaviour and are intolerant of unorthodox behaviour and ideas.

Weak UAI societies maintain a more relaxed attitude in which practice counts more than principles.

ex: UAE have a strong UAI. US have a weak UAI

  • Masculinity vs. femininity (MAS)

The women in feminine countries have the same modest, caring values as the men butĀ in the masculine countries they are more assertive and more competitive, but not as much as the men.Ā 

Femininity : equality between men and women in all the terms.Ā 

Masculinity: men have more rights than women in some terms.Ā 

ex: the Masculinity in US is high and in UAE is equal (50%).

  • Long term orientation vs. short term orientation (LTO)

This dimension describesĀ how every society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and future.Ā 

long termĀ orientation:Ā take a more pragmatic approach. they encourage thrift and efforts in modern education as a way to prepare for the future.

short term orientation:Ā prefer to maintain time-honoured traditions and norms while viewing societal change with suspicion.

ex: US is a short term orientation.

  • Indulgence vs. restraint (IND)

Indulgence: a society that allows relatively free gratification of basic and natural human drives related to enjoying life and having fun.

Restraint: a society that suppresses gratification of needs and regulates it by means of strict social norms.

ex: US scored as anĀ Ā Indulgent society .Ā 




Geert Hofstede: the 6 Dimensions of National Culture





High/Low Context Culture

  • Strong sense of family (H) : Family always comes first. When life isn’t treating you well, family will do anything/everything just to see you happy, they will stand by your side when everyone leaves you. This is why i think it’s important to me to have a very strong sense with my family ā¤
  • ā€˜Have a go at itā€™ philosophy (L) : I thinkĀ going through a new experiences is more fun than staying in your comfort zone. Taking risks and go for something new will always make you gain skills, knowledge and sometimes, it gives you some lessons in life.Ā 
  • Close personal relationships (H) : I don’t mind to have a lot of friends or mates and communicate with them but i prefer having few real loyal, honest, friends that i can trust, like blind trust, and i can be sure that they will be there when i’m in need and for sure i’ll do the same and more. knowing people is really fun but sometimes it’s good to have limits with them.Ā 

Cultural advertsing

1- Women/Men who wears uncovered cloths- kind of naked.

Because it’s against our culture and religion also it’s not suitable for children to see those Ads.

2- Pork

Because the meat of the pork is haram.

3- Avoiding areasĀ 

Such as Masjed, Because it’s a religious place and it must be respected.

Culture Clash


Answers :

1-Unrespectful, rude. Some may not do thatĀ because they take care about their appearance. Also, it may be a problem for those who are always well-dressed.

2- Using the word “Yesterday” probably means that the american businesswomen want’s the report as soon as possible. Maybe some of them will get it as “too late” but not in a direct phrase.Ā 

3- Some of people find it really interesting to talk about work at dinner parties and some find it rude because the purpose of the dinner party is to have fun and enjoy your time out of work.Ā 

4- Hong kong is one of the strongest Monochronic cultures and this is why he will get mad when they’re late but not all theĀ employees willĀ be comfortable with his new rule specially those who don’t give time it’s value or who came to work from a polychronic cultures.

5- Spain is Polychronic and USA-NYC is Monochronic, this means that the spanish secretary did a great job to complete the report before the deadline. Ā 

6- I shouldn’t wipeĀ my hand and face after the meal, because chinese/japanese people clean/wipeĀ hands before the meal and maybe this will make my chinese colleague thinks that i’m rude unless he understands that I don’t have experience with the hot towel as a result of the difference between our cultures.

Cultural Shock 02

  • Imagine that you were going to live in another country, Australia for example. What would you miss about the UAE?Ā 

In general, I’ll miss UAE and it’s environment but to be specific I’ll miss my hometown , my family and my friends. Adding different kindĀ ofĀ spices to the food will be missed too, also I’ll miss my favorite drink which isĀ my mother’s karak šŸ˜¦Ā 

  • What kind of culture shock do you think you might feel?

The cultural shocks i might feel areĀ the feelings of not knowing what to do or how to do things in a new environment, and not knowing what is appropriate or inappropriate. Using Ā different currencies may be confusing at the beginning too. If you wonder, Cold weather won’t be a problem as long as I wear heavy clothes.

  • What do you think you could do to try and minimize the effect of culture shock?

Try to adjust to new food, customs, language, people and activities. Interacting with people and making friends, a book and a cup of coffee also may help to minimize the effects of cultural shocks.Ā 


Intern Host Country Comments
Megan Ghana






Sasha Sweden





Trish Scotland




She was okay but when she opened the letters she started laughing and Bawling.


Janna Costa Rica



Ā Loved the culture but she woke up next day

and she hated everything

Frog juice.


This juice is made fromĀ frogs andĀ Andean plants and itā€™s this mixture of ingredients that makes a drink of frog juice so special in Peru. it considered to be anĀ spiritual beverage.

Why do they drink it ?

“I always come to drink frog juice here because it’s good for the children, For anemia, bronchitis and also good for older persons.”

People claim that it can be used to treat things like asthma, bronchitis and anaemia. It also apparently gives drinkers a natural energy boost and itā€™s considered to be an aphrodisiac that boosts sex drive.

But there’s a doctor who said “There is no scientific evidence confirming any medicinal benefits from frog juice”.Ā 

Personally, I don’t think that I’m going to take the risk and drinkĀ the frog juice, due to the fact that this frog died by beating his head on the table plus frogs eat bugs!Ā . There’s a lot of different ways and medications to heal and cure their disease. However, I understand the difference between the cultures and lifestyles and what it can possibly mean to them, but to me it’s one of the strangest cultures.


References :Ā http://www.timetravelturtle.com/2014/10/drinking-frog-juice-arequipa-peru/

How Rude Was That?

  1. Telling someone they don’t look well.There’s a good and a bad way of saying it, Ā for example if someone is sick I’ll ask them : you don’t look well, are you okay?, because i care about them But if I want to bully them by their looking then it’s very rude.Some people around the world says it’s really rude to tell someone that because not everyone looks likeĀ what is happening to them.
  2. Kissing in public. In UAE, women greets each other by kissing cheeks and it’s okay to do it in public otherwise it’s really rude because it’s something private. but in some other countries they think it’s okay and normal because this is how they show their love to their beloved ones.
  3. Telling the details of a friend’s divorce. It’s rude to talk about someones private life so why i talk about divorce? actually it’s a shame to get divorced without logical reasons either you’re a man or a woman, and i think that it’s not polite unless they told you about their divorce by themselves. In other countries it’s not good to say it directly but they use sentences that shows that they are not together anymore.